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Coronavirus Outbreak – Infection Control and Pathogen Transmission

Coronavirus (COVID-19): How to prevent Animal Pathogens from spreading in future

Historically, both animals and humans have contributed to spreading diseases in each other’s species.  Pathogens are the organisms that cause these diseases, and are of four types; Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi and Parasites. The Coronavirus Pathogens have caused several diseases including SARS (2003) and MERS (2012) and the recent COVID-19 or SARS-COV-2.

The surge in coronavirus cases or COVID-19 is astonishing and the ways it can transfer from one person to another is truly intimidating. It’s like the perfect virus if you think about it. It spreads quickly and for somedays you don’t even know that you are infected. It stays alive in the air and on material for many hours. Unlike earlier viruses, it has a high transmissibility rate. Infected subjects keep infecting others around them through different ways.

This pandemic has brought out both the best and worst in humankind. It all seems unreal. There was no or very little preparation. There is no doubt that this coronavirus causing COVID-19 is going to shape our future whether we like it or not. Almost everywhere; schools are closed, no traveling, no public gatherings. So many people out of jobs and world economy is going to suffer for years to come. In wake of this coronavirus pandemic, change is going to be inevitable. However, we have to be optimistic about the future and try to not only avert this pandemic but also make sure that nothing similar can hurt us again.

In this series of articles we’ll explain what changes we should expect and adopt and some that will be forced on us.

The Spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

As of today, over four million cases of COVID-19 have been reported worldwide with 284,034 deaths. This is a disaster of an epic scale, we have not seen anything similar since the World War 2.

Back in January, It was thought that it will be contained in China or would have limited leakage. However, China allowed international travel but restricted domestic travelling. As a result, it got to other countries and its severity was only realised when it reached Italy followed by up by mass panic.

President Trump labeled it as the “Chinese Virus” and that it’s a weapon used against western countries. On the other hand, Chinese blame American troops engaging in War games in Wuhan brought the virus with them.

Pathogens Pandemic coronavirus COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2
Picture courtesy: CDC

Preventing Transmissibility of Pathogens

We do not want to get into the controversy of where and who started it. Whether it was a made virus in the lab or it all started naturally. However, considering the earlier viruses of the same kind as SARS and MERS; we can confidently say that going forward

  • To stop transmission of pathogens, Every country must regulate Wet markets more closely. 
  • Do not bring together animals belonging to different regions (no we are not talking about closing your city Zoo) in a way that they can transmit diseases or fluids to each other.
  • Another definite habit we can adopt is; Not to eat, pet or mingle with animals that are not supposed to be eaten or kept as pets.

Around 60% of these new pathogens that resist antibiotics come from animal bodies and 70% of them are coming from wild animals. Many infectious diseases come from animals but that’s all been there for centuries. Even humans infect animals (yes) although this exchange has to stop. Business as usual cannot continue for any longer and for Governments making sure of the above is easier than fighting another coronavirus of this kind.

In this series of articles, we’ll be looking at How the changes future will bring after the pandemic in relation to;

Or check or other blog posts!

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